Pregnancy: can i eat taramasalata when pregnant?

With: Rebecca Chocron, dietician nutritionist

An essential aperitif, both on bread and on mini-blinis, the tarama, of Greek and Turkish origin, is much appreciated during aperitifs with friends. This food is mainly composed of fish eggs. But can a pregnant woman consume it? A dietician nutritionist answers our questions.

What is the composition of the tarama?

Often pale pink in supermarkets, this dish is naturally beige. It is the presence of the food coloring E 120, without danger, which gives it its pink color. ” This preparation is the basis fromegg of fish of cod or mullet. We add potatoes, lemon, olive oil and onions. ” explains Rebecca Chocron, dietician nutritionist. Its creamy consistency allows it to be applied to toast, blinis and even in salads.

Is the fresh taramasalata cooked?

The manufacture of the tarama is very simple: ” We mix all the foods together without cooking them first “, Emphasizes the nutritionist dietician. Which means eggssome fish do not undergo temperature changes. They are fresh (therefore raw) and mixed with the other ingredients, a storage between 1 and 4 ° C. Sometimes fish eggs are smoked at 40 ° C.

Can a pregnant woman eat taramasalata?

Tarama is a food strongly discouraged during pregnancy. Because fish eggs are not cooked, but raw. This could carry the risk of listeriosis, from the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. ” This bacterium is found on fruits, vegetables and especially on animals that come from land or water. “Warns Rebecca Chocron. If cod or mullet are contaminated with listeriosis, so will their eggs. The National Agency for Health and Food Safety (ANSES) is formal, the tarama is a food that it should not be consumed while expecting a baby.

Is the taramasalata pasteurized?

According to ANSES, the tarama manufacturing process does not include a pasteurization step “The tarama is raw and has not been sent at a temperature above 60 ° -65 ° C for 30 minutes. It is in fact cooking at this temperature that eliminates all harmful bacteria for the body of the pregnant woman and the fetus, such as listeriosis or toxoplasmosis.

Pregnant, can you eat industrial taramasalata whenever you want?

The answer is no, it is absolutely not recommended. When you are pregnant, you should abstain from tarama for nine months for your own well-being and that of the fetus.

Homemade tarama is a forbidden food …

Making your own tarama is not an alternative. First of all, you will deal with raw food (fish eggs). Secondly, the tarama will not be cooked. Even if you make a smoked salmon tarama, the smoking will not exceed 40 ° C and therefore will not avoid the presence of bacteria.

The Risks of Listeriosis During Pregnancy

Listeriosis is a foodborne infection. In France, contamination with listeriosis bacteria is extremely rare. According to Santé Publique France, the annual incidence is 5-6 cases per million inhabitants. The disease can have serious consequences for the mother and the fetus. According to the website of the Ministry of Solidarity and Health, the people most exposed to the risk of contamination by Listeria monocytogenes are the pregnant women, newborns, the immunocompromised and the elderly. When expecting a baby, take precautions and avoid eating certain foods such as:

  • Cooked or raw cured meats consumed as they are (cooked or raw ham, products in jelly, foie gras, paté, rillettes, etc.).
  • Seafood products (smoked fish, Taramaraw crustaceans, etc.).
  • Some dairy products (raw milk, soft cheeses with flowery or washed rind, etc.).
  • Raw eggs.

To avoid the risk of being contaminated by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, specific hygiene rules must be observed in the preparation and storage of food. Contamination with listeriosis causes headache, higher or lower fever and sometimes digestive disorders (diarrhea, nausea, vomiting). Listeriosis can also cause neurological disorders (encephalitis, meningitis). She is treated with antibiotics. If contamination was not detected during pregnancy, this can have serious consequences for the fetus, for example premature delivery, a miscarriageor septic forms with breathing problems of the newborn,in the days following his birth.

How to avoid Listeria?

To avoid contracting listeriosis, you must banish all raw foods of your diet when pregnant. Or have impeccable hygiene on the products you are going to eat, such as raw fruit and vegetables, washing the food you eat well, washing your hands well before and after handling, without forgetting to thoroughly wash the kitchen utensils. It is also necessary cooking food that we are going to eat above 60 ° -65 ° C to eliminate all bacteria.

What other appetizers can or cannot a pregnant woman eat?

If tarama is not recommended, there are other substitutes for a future mother who would like to have fun during aperitifs with friends.

Case by case: can we eat hummus or lumpfish roe when pregnant?

Hummus it is a food that a pregnant woman has the right to consume. “ It is based on legumes and is known to be rich in vegetable proteins. Hummus is made with chickpeas mixed with olive oil and sesame paste “, Reassures Rebecca Chocron. However, it shouldn’t be overused, as it is high in calories. The expectant mother can eat it without danger, unlike the tarama. As a precaution, it is necessary to respect the cold chain and consume hummus quickly after opening, in order not to develop cross-contamination in the refrigerator. Preferably, buy vacuum-packed hummus in supermarkets, which is less likely to be contaminated than artisanal hummus.

On the other hand, lumps of eggs are, like tarama or caviar, to avoid during pregnancy, as the risk of listeriosis increases. It is therefore preferable not to consume it until delivery.

If the desire for tarama arises, do not be tempted. Opt for hummus that will be most beneficial to your health and that of your future baby. Always ask your doctor or nutritionist for advice.

Leave a Comment