Today is World Asthma Day, a very common chronic disease. In adulthood, women are more affected than men and are more likely to be hospitalized following a seizure; about 2.5 times more according to a report from an English association. Why is this disease so severe in women?
Pollen, respiratory allergy, activityor air pollution are known triggers but there would be another much less studied by scientists: female sexuality. A report from the English Association indicates that women between the ages of 29 and 40 are 2.5 times more likely to be hospitalized following a stroke Only men.
Asthma affects more women in adulthood
In childhood, boys are more likely to do thisbut the reverse the balance. In adolescence and adulthood, women with asthma outnumber men. The phenomenon is very clear by observing the adult asthma by gender: 5.9 cases per 1,000 person-years in women versus 4.4 cases per 1,000 person-years in men dating back to 2005. Some asthma experts believe that female sex hormones are involved in asthma attacks and their in women. Although many studies have been conducted on the subject, the results remain partial and the underlying mechanisms poorly understood. Socio-economic factors, or biologics other than hormones may also be involved.
Patients with asthma see differences in the severity of their symptoms depending on the time. Poppy Hadkinson, a 30-year-old English woman, testifies for the association Asthma + Lung United Kingdom : ” There seemed to be a pattern in my symptoms, related to my menstrual cycle. Almost every month before , I suffered from asthma. My symptoms made it difficult to breathe, which was terrifying, and I often ended up in the hospital. The asthma attacks I suffered were so severe that I was ventilated four times when I was 22 and wondered if I would make it until my next birthday. “.
The testimonies have no scientific value, but they suggest the existence of a phenomenon that science has not yet understood. According to a study published in 2022 in, Symptoms of asthma can vary throughout a woman’s life, from puberty to during the menstrual cycle e . Hormone treatments also affect them. seems to limit the appearance of new seizures, while the replacement hormones prescribed after the favor them. Many associations, but no clear causal link.
More than two-thirds of asthma deaths were in women
” By understanding the role of sex hormones in asthma, we could transform the lives of three million women with the disease in the UK and many millions more around the world. We urgently need to invest more in research in this area to be able to do soand make better use of existing treatments to help millions of women and save lives “says Sarah Woolnough, President ofAsthma + Lung United Kingdom.
The question is all the more important since adult asthma differs greatly from childhood asthma. More severe and chronic, theof the disease is worse and the chances of lower in adults. Most women show symptoms of adult asthma, but in some men, asthma remains infantile and therefore less severe. With a more complex etiology and more severe disease, women are more likely to die from asthma than men.
The figures ofAsthma + Lung United Kingdom indicate that more than two-thirds of asthma deaths were in women: 5,100 women compared to about 2,300 men. The association advises asthmatics, men and women, to follow the treatment according to the doctors’ instructions and to undergo a check-up every year to better prevent crises.