New dietary guidelines for pregnant and breastfeeding women

Pregnancy is a special period during which the expectant mother has to take care of her health and nutrition. The High Council for Public Health (HCSP) recently updated the National Health Nutrition Program dietary guidelines for pregnant and lactating women. Focus on these new recommendations.

The importance of a healthy diet during pregnancy

Pregnancy represents a period of life in which the “nutritional awareness” of many women increases. Wishing the best for their baby, moms-to-be will take care of their diet. This attention is paid for nearly nine months and beyond if they choose to breastfeed. Therefore, pregnancy favors the adoption of a healthy and sustainable lifestyle. It induces a change in eating habits and, more generally, in lifestyle.

This shows how important the quality of food is during this period of life, short and long at the same time. The HCSP has just updated the National Health Nutrition Program dietary guidelines for pregnant and breastfeeding women.

Know ! These new dietary guidelines are intended for pregnant women in the absence of a particular diet (diets for health reasons or diets of exclusion), pre-existing diseases (obesitybariatric surgery) or specific pregnancy pathologies (eg Gestational diabetes).

Updated dietary guidelines for pregnant and breastfeeding women

In this new HCSP opinion, the general and specific nutritional advice has been updated. The general nutritional parameters for pregnant and lactating women are very similar to those of the general adult population. They count the consumption of 5 fruits and vegetables a day, reduction of the consumption of red meats, sweet and savory products etc LThe HSCP also provides specific nutritional recommendations.

This is how pregnant women should specifically monitor their weight gain to avoid possible later complications. But be careful, weight loss diets are to be avoided during pregnancy! It is also necessary to stop drinking alcohol due to its teratogenic character. In fact, it is likely to cause malformations in exposed children in the uterus. As for information on contamination by some microbial agents during pregnancy, it should be strengthened with all women of childbearing age. In addition, pregnancy is accompanied by an increase in the need for nutrients. Therefore, the pregnant woman is sometimes exposed to vitamin and mineral deficiencies. These elements must be subject to specific medical monitoring or even individualized prescriptions.

Although the nutrition guidelines presented in this advice are specifically aimed at pregnant and breastfeeding women, however, the PSC would like to emphasize the importance of continuity between the pre-conception period, pregnancy and breastfeeding. Therefore, it provides a fundamental message by supporting “a balanced diet before pregnancy to prevent a range of fetal and maternal diseases, some of which may develop early in pregnancy, and even before pregnancy is known.” The body therefore recommends starting folate supplementation even before conception of the baby and prolonging it for 3 months after conception (at a rate of 0.4 mg / day and up to 5 mg / day in case of a history of deficiency. of vitamins B9 and B12).

Information measured and verified

These new HSCP dietary parameters will serve as support for the development of communication messages aimed at the general public. The goal is to provide women with clear and legible information.

But in the current epidemic context, it The information and recommendations given to pregnant and breastfeeding women must be balanced. The goal is not to worry them too much. Likewise, the reliability and consistency of these messages are essential. To have access to verified information, pregnant and lactating women can contact the various healthcare professionals who accompany them or consult the official reference sites set up by Public Health France such as https: //www.1000-premiers fr and and

Déborah L., Doctor of Pharmacy

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