The population in Luxembourg continues to increase and counted 645,397 residents as of 1 January 2022. This figure is mainly due to net immigration and to a trend that is returning to pre-pandemic levels.
The evolution of the Luxembourg population has returned to the levels prior to the Covid-19 crisis. Statec announced Thursday in its report on the country’s demographics. As of January 1, 2022, the Grand Duchy had 645,397 resident inhabitants. A figure that shows how the increase achieved in 2021, a year during which the population had increased by 10,667 people, continues.
The report notes that, since 2014, the number of men is slightly higher than the number of women in Luxembourg. Currently the percentages within the population are 50.4% (325,064 men) against 49.6% (320,333 women). As of January 1, 2022, the average age of women in the area was 40.4 years and 39.0 years for men. These data indicate a current aging of the population. Young people from 0 to 19, in relative proportion, are fewer and fewer, Statec points out. While people aged 40-64 and those aged 80 and over are on the rise, in relative numbers.
Birth and death
There are more births than deaths in Luxembourg. In 2021, 6,690 births and 4,489 deaths were recorded among people residing in the Grand Duchy. Statec observed a + 3.6% of births and -2.6% of deaths compared to 2020. Again, males are slightly more represented among children with 51.1%. It should also be noted that habits are changing. Thus the proportion of births “out of wedlock” continues to increase. It was only 3.4% in 1950, 5.9% in 1980 and 21.9% in 2000.
The number of deaths will decrease in 2021, after a sharp increase in 2020 due to the Covid-19 pandemic. This goes from 4,609 deaths in 2020 to 4,489 deaths in 2021. Among the deaths that occurred in 2021, male deaths (51.1%) are slightly higher than female ones (48.9%). In addition, people are living longer and longer in Luxembourg. Life expectancy at birth is 84.8 years for women and 80.3 for men. Life expectancy has increased over time while the infant mortality rate has decreased significantly.
Marriages and divorces
The number of marriages is seeing a slight recovery after the dark years of the pandemic. In 2021, 1,945 weddings were celebrated (+ 7.9% compared to 2020). In 32.2% of cases they are remarried, or that at least one of the two spouses had already been united previously. It should be noted that 98.1% of the cases are of different sex marriages, while 1.9% of the marriages are of the same sex (36 marriages).
On the divorce side, the decline in 2020 (1,447 divorces, or a decrease of 24.1% compared to 2019) continues in 2021. Last year 1,400 divorces were pronounced by the courts: 1,380 different sexual marriages and 20 marriages between same sex were dissolved. Most of them occur after 5 or 3 years of marriage.
If we focus on marital status, we see that the percentage of singles has increased over time, while that of married people has decreased. The share of divorced / separated has more than doubled while that of widowers / widowers has been split
for two. It should be noted that more and more people are living in a civil partnership (PACS), which may partly explain the decline in the percentage of married people.
Fewer people obtained Luxembourg citizenship in 2021 than in previous years. There are 6,801 people in total. Statec explains this decrease with “the fact that the recovery procedure based on the descent of a Luxembourg grandfather on 1 January 1900 will soon expire. In addition, due to travel restrictions linked to the COVID-19 pandemic, many candidates residing abroad were unable to materially organize their trip to the Grand Duchy to complete the formalities of completing the collection declaration before the civil chancellor.
In order, people of French nationality are the most numerous to have acquired Luxembourg citizenship (18,047 people) between 2009 and 2021, followed by the Portuguese (15,894 people) then by the Belgians (14,950 people). Brazilians are in fourth place (5,456 people), even ahead of Italians and Germans.
Immigration and emigration
“Luxembourg stands out among European countries for its demographic dynamism, mainly due to international migration”, describes Statec. While migrations had decreased slightly as a result of the pandemic, they quickly resumed increasing once the virus weakened. The country’s population growth depends on this migration as it is made up of just over 80% of international migration.
In 2021, Luxembourg recorded 25,335 international arrivals and 15,959 departures. Net migration, or the difference between immigrants and emigrants, is 9,376 people.