According to forecasts by a consulting firm specializing in IT and broadband, Europe could run out of submarine cables in the next ten years.
According to Terabit Consulting, data exchanges between US and European servers will increase in proportions such as the current infrastructure will soon prove insufficient. Worse still, according to experts, without adequate investment, the digital sovereignty of France and the European Union would be called into question. According to consultants, by 2030, the bandwidth demand for data passing through transatlantic cables will be on the order of 13.2 petabits per second.
The current capacity of these mega-tubes of information being only 4.7 Pb / s, we realize the urgency to install new ones quickly. Such work will be extremely time-consuming and expensive – it involves triple our capabilities current transit. This is undoubtedly the reason why no actor (public or private), from the European or the US side, has yet put their hands in their pockets or even expressed their intention to do so. According to Orange’s director of international networks, to support the projected load by Terabit Consulting and to connect American data centers to Europe, it would be necessary no less than 4.25 billion euros on the table.
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In terms of submarine cables, Europe is at the mercy of the GAFA
However, French or European institutions have a vested interest in planning the installation of additional mega-cables. While the latter mislead the importance of their digital sovereignty, the fact remains that most of our data is stored on US servers. Europe, more than any other continent, is a major consumer of the services of Facebook, Google and others. Transatlantic submarine cables are certainly more numerous, but they are often co-financed by the giants of Silicon Valley. Amazon, for example, is one of the prime beneficiaries of these facilities. It must be admitted that, aside from its commercial site, Amazon is a large consumer of bandwidth, as evidenced by its AWS Cloud services or its video streaming service, Amazon Prime, which is attracting more and more subscribers.
Not even Orange, and yet the French telecommunications giant, cannot afford such infrastructure spending. As often then, Google, Amazon, Facebook and Apple, the famous GAFA, will be called. These companies have almost unlimited budgets and already own 80% of the cables that connect the Old Continent and the United States. And who says that more cables and data exchanges across the Atlantic mean more profits for American digital giants. Under these conditions, European digital sovereignty seems far from certain.
Source: La Tribuna